Costa Rica To Ban Fossil Fuels And Become World’s First De-carbonised Society
Costa Rica’s new president has announced a plan to ban fossil fuels and become the first fully de-carbonised country in the world. He arrived at the inauguration ceremony in San Jose aboard a hydrogen-fuelled bus as a symbol of the announcement.
Costa Rica already generates more than 99% of its electricity using renewable energy sources, but achieving zero carbon transport quickly will be a significant challenge, experts say.
Jose Daniel Lara, a Costa Rican energy researcher at the University of California-Berkeley, said completely eliminating fossil fuels within just a few years is probably unrealistic – though the plan will lay the groundwork for faster action towards that goal.
Oscar Echeverría, president of the Vehicle and Machinery Importers Association, said the transition away from fossil fuels in transport cannot be rushed as the clean transport market is so far undeveloped.
“If there’s no previous infrastructure, competence, affordable prices and waste management we’d be leading this process to failure. We need to be careful,” Mr Echeverría said.
Costa Rica’s push towards clean energy faces no large-scale backlash, in part because the country has no significant oil or gas industry.
But demand for cars is rising, as is use of other transport systems, and that may prove one of the biggest challenges in meeting the new goal, Mr Lara said.
According to data by the National Registry – the country’s records agency – there were twice as many cars registered as babies born in 2016.
Transport is today the country’s main source of climate changing emissions. According to the country’s National Meteorological Institute, 64 per cent of Costa Rica’s emissions come from energy use, and more than two thirds of that is from transport.
It will be interesting to see the Country’s progress over the next couple of years.